At maturity the Chihuahua may be only 5 inches tall and the standard requires that they’re under six pounds. There have been adult Chihuahuas that weigh only about 1 and half pounds. There are two varieties, the long coat and the smooth coat and except for the difference in the length of the jacket they are the same breed and there’s absolutely no distinction between the two in their standard. A smooth coat has exactly that, a sleek and glossy close fitting coat with a well furred tail. The long coat has fringes of longer hair around the ears and neck and feathering on the legs, tail and the breech or”pants” on the back legs. The Chihuahua should have a”domed head”, curved skull and large eyes, very expressive. The ears are erect and in proportion to the head.
The Chihuahua is thought to be of Mexican origin and may have been originally bred by the Aztec Indians. They’re named after a Mexican state and first gained popularity in Mexico.
With a dog this little health can be a major concern. First of all, although they get along well with most other dogs, they think they are bigger than they actually are. If they’re housed with larger dogs and jealousy happens, the little dog will not stand a chance so far as protecting itself. Care must be taken that they aren’t put in conditions where they can’t fend for themselves. Small children need to be watched, the Chihuahua has delicate bones and especially when they are puppies these bones can be broken easily. Furthermore the Chihuahua has a soft spot in the skull at the middle of the head. This is recognized in the standard and is unique to the breed. If the dog is injured in this tender place it may of course cause grave problems which could lead to its death.
The Chihuahua is a lively and intelligent dog with excellent affection for its owner. It becomes really bonded and will usually not allow its master from its sight. They’re a dog that fits well into a pocket tote and often can go with the owner wherever the owner goes. Like a cat, it can be easily trained to paper or a litter box in the home which makes it a lot easier to deal with when traveling. It is a bossy little breed, not having any idea that it isn’t a big dog. The Chihuahua is a noisy watchdog and often will snap if not socialized as a puppy. One of the problems is that many owners don’t deal with this dog as they would a bigger breed and often it’s not trained to behave but rather is coddled and transported around and never learns proper manners when greeting strangers. A well trained Chihuahua is a beautiful dog and a loving companion.